<span>Monthly Archives</span><h1>January 2021</h1>
    Sample Paper

    Dogar unique ISSB up to date book free download in pdf

    January 11, 2021

    Dogar unique ISSB up to date book free download in pdf

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    2. Let’s Start
    3. Introduction to the Defence Forces (Pak Army, Air Force, Intelligence forces, Navy, Ranger)
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    3-    Most IMPORTANT General Knowledge Questions

    4-    Short History of PAKISTAN (Important)

    5-    PAST Papers

    6-    Click for Videos: Youtube

    Sample Paper

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS

    January 11, 2021

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS for the help of aspirants.

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS


    Structuring the Composition

    Compositions are structured much like individual paragraphs. There are clear introductory and concluding elements. However, compositions are a series of paragraphs that attempt to communicate the main idea that cannot be sufficiently developed in one paragraph.

    A Closer Look: The Introduction

    The introduction is a unique paragraph because it must prepare the reader for the text that will follow. It should accomplish each of the following:

     (1) Catch the interest of the audience

    (2) Clearly indicate the topic and purpose

     (3) Establish the tone of the composition

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS

    Constructing a Thesis Statement

    A thesis statement is the controlling idea of a composition. It states the main idea(s) of the writing while establishing the tone.


    Evaluating a Thesis Statement

    (1) Develop your thesis from the information gathered.

    (2) Include both a limited topic as your subject and the specific feeling you have about the topic as your main idea.

    (3) Be clear and specific.

    (4) Use parallel structures.

    (5) Keep your thesis in front of you as you write.

    Establishing Tone

    The attitude a writer takes toward his or her characters, subject, or readers is called tone. Just as a person speaks in a certain tone of voice, written text also conveys, or expresses, a tone. The tone of a text may be critical, detached, angry, or respectful – whatever fits its subject and message. The writer can establish a tone through the use of imagery and figurative language such as similes, metaphors, and personification. Word Choice, or diction, though, is the foundation of a writer’s tone. The writer’s use of language, as well as the connotative responses to that language, powerfully emphasizes the effect a writer has on his or her readers.

    Using Descriptive Language

    Language is power! Using specific language to describe your world or explain yourself makes it easier for your audience to grasp your vision. Whether you are speaking to someone or writing about some aspect of a topic, use precise nouns, action verbs, vivid modifiers (adjectives, adverbs, comparisons), and sensory words to capture your audience’s attention and to make your communication more lively.

    Integrating Direct Quotations Anytime you directly use another writer’s words to support your conclusion, you are citing evidence, or quoting a source. This use of text passages, lines, or words can be integrated into your essay in one of four ways.

    (1) Incorporated into the Sentence A creator always has an obligation to the thing he creates. This is clearly shown in the epigraph from Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein in which the monster seemingly cries out, “Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay to mold me Man? Did I solicit thee from darkness to promote me…?” (4). At his creation, the monster is a…. • Mark omission of the text by three periods (called an ellipsis) with a space between each (. . .).

    Integrating Direct Quotations – Poetry

    Unity and Coherence in the Composition

    Maintaining Coherence

    Maintaining Coherent

    Click on Link To Download PDF File

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS




    3-    Most IMPORTANT General Knowledge Questions

    4-    Short History of PAKISTAN (Important)

    5-    PAST Papers

    6-    Click for Videos: Youtube


    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan
    Sample Paper

    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan

    January 10, 2021

    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan


    1.Introduction (highlighting the dynamics of economic cooperation)

    2.The geography of the economic corridor

    3.The underlying geopolitical and economic reasons for project

    4.The Chinese exportable surplus

    5.The reason for the investment appetite

    6.Utilization of the accumulated Foreign reserves

    7.Making use of the skilled human resource and technology

    8.Finding shortest routes both for exports and imports

    9.CPEC as part of BRI

    10. Collaborative adventures-win-win projects

    11.Overcoming the apprehensions

    12.The project as a geopolitical opportunity


                                   To boost the economy of any country particularly of the developing world, the only role model which happened to be the success story is attracting foreign investment. Foreign investment not only becomes the immediate vital source of job creation but the cause of running of many other industries attached to the building of the physical infrastructure in the country. Since the governments are unable to create the desired number of jobs in the country, therefore investment whether local or foreign has been established as the primary source giving a kick-start of the economy of any state.

    As regards Pakistan there is no blinking the fact that it is confronted mainly with the following problems:

    1. Joblessness

    2. Terrorism from across the border

    3. Lack of both foreign and local investment

    4. Energy crisis

    5. Violence and crime in some parts of the country linked with poverty

    6. Security threats

                             Under the existing circumstances, there appears no other country that has shown any interest in investing in Pakistan. It was China that came out with a considerable investment round worth $ 46 billion though in the form of a loan relating to CPEC. It was in April 2015, China signed a package of deals worth $46 billion to develop China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) an economic corridor connecting China’s northwestern region of Xinjiang and Pakistan’s Gwadar Port on the Arabian Sea just 600 kilometers from the Strait of Hurmuz (The gateway to the Persian Gulf through which 40% of world oil passes). Its economic dividends to China are apparent, but the building of the necessary substantial physical infrastructure appears to be an immediate remedy and impetus for the stagnated economy of Pakistan by way of the creation of jobs to Pakistanis. It also inherits trading benefits to countries like Russia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. This port will allow Chinese oil tankers from the Persian Gulf to port and ship oil and gas to China’s Xinjiang-Shanghai oil pipeline directly. Also, Chinese products could also be shipped via land to Gwadar and then re-shipped to the Middle East and Africa once the road and rail links are completed. Chinese, Pakistani, and other international companies will be involved in communications infrastructure and power generation projects.                                               

                                     Overall CPEC is a $62 billion project mainly of energy collection and its transportation, partially in the form of a loan and somewhat investment will be invested to build the requisite physical infrastructure. China is developing its comparatively less developed Western region of Xinjiang adjacent to Pakistan and is also planning to manufacture the products to be exported to the Gulf and beyond in and around Gwadar.

                                  It is not difficult to understand why China is interested in advancing such a colossal loans to Pakistan whose economic condition is not that sound. The reality is that China is developing its comparatively less developed Western region of Xinjiang adjacent to Pakistan. It is also planning to manufacture the products in that region to be exported through Pakistan via Gwadar to the Gulf region, North Africa, and even Europe through the Suez Canal, and import oil from the Gulf and certain minerals from Africa through the same route. China also wants to establish exportable items manufacturing units in Gwadar and other parts of Pakistan to be exported to the nearby countries.

                     At the moment most of the Chinese trade is going on by using the Sea route that is through the SouthChina Sea, Strait of Malacca, and the Indian Ocean for the above destinations. This route is not feasible as it is too long and is also not considered safe from the strategic point of view. Big powers can easily block this Sea lane if any confrontation develops in the region in the future mainly due to the ongoing disputes regarding certain islands in the South China Sea like Senkaku, and coral reefs between China, and countries like Vietnam, Taiwan, and Japan, etc.

                       Under the circumstances, the CPEC is the most convenient/appropriate/ feasible/ shortest and secure trade route for China to all the above destinations.

                    The investment abroad in the form of BRI and CPEC, in a way, is also an answer to the Chinese existing slowed down GDP growth rate. Therefore, BRI and CPEC project prima facie are Chinese next phase of boosting its economy via internationalization and disposal of its exportable and human surplus. Since it is based on extending loans from its banking system instead of the IMFand World Bank, therefore it is a point of concern for its competitors like India and USA. There exist some political issues between them like Taiwan where American interests are involved, and territorial disputes with India on its Northwest and Northeastern borders shared with China. Concerns seem genuine as political associations and influences mostly follow such economic collaborations.

                      While looking deep into the reasons of China’s these large projects we see that the Economic recession of 2007-8 also had an adverse impact on China. As the purchasing power of the European nations and even Americans went down affecting Chinese exports. During the recession period and afterward, the Chinese GDP growth rate came down to around 7% from the previous 9%. This forced China to universalize its economy differently. It called the conference of 28 heads of states in May 2017 to initiate the project of One Belt One Road (OBOR) generally called Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The word ‘Road’ here refers to Sea lanes and ‘Belt”, roads and railways network on land. This involves a series of infrastructure development projects across Asia, Europe, and Africa to boost mutual trade. The required loans are to be released from the Chinese banking system. China’s BRI announced in 2013 is being implemented under China’s 13th Five-year plan (2016-20). It has two components one Silk Road Economic Belt originating from China’s Eastern coasts stretching towards Northwest China, and from there through CentralAsia into Europe, and the Maritime Silk Road from Eastern coasts to Southeast Asia through the South China Sea, Strait of Malacca to North Africa. The BRI and CPEC initiative aims at encouraging and utilizing Chinese firms enhanced capacity to invest internationally particularly in the emerging economies. This is to help China’s massive foreign exchange reserve to be used in FDI abroad. Additionally, it is to enable China to transfer its technology and development know-how to the less developed economies of Asia and Africa. The infrastructure development associated with BRI and CPEC will not only promote the economic development of the host countries but will help Chinese exportable surplus (products/services/skilled human workforce) to be adjusted world around. The BRI and CPEC are not only China dependent projects but are collaborative ones with the host countries as well as associating other TNCs from Europe and America though mainly contributed by Chinese companies.

                The CPEC is a mutually beneficial, joint responsibility, and a shared destiny. However, there is an apprehension in the developed world that in the long run, China’s these projects will open up new markets for Chinese companies in areas that are currently dominated by Western companies, ranging from engineering and telecoms to shipping and e-commerce. Therefore they sometimes show their reservations and resentments against it. In the case of Pakistan, India has also demonstrated such reservations. That reservation is both political and economic, and strategic as well. India believes that CPEC provides an opportunity for Pakistan to share its security with

                        China hence it will go a long way in relieving Pakistan of Indian regional hegemonic pressure. Additionally, India objects that the route is passing through the disputed territory of Kashmir. It is also pointed out by anti-CPEC countries particularly India that Pakistan may face Sri Lanka like situation. Because on account of the inability of Sri Lankan government to payback the loans to China for building its Seaport Sri Lanka had to hand over the port to China on the lease. As a matter of fact, all the loans taken have to be paid back. I believe even leasing out Seaport by Sri Lanka is not against its interests. As this deal has already brought so many dividends to Sri Lanka in many forms. During its building process, it created so many jobs in Sri Lanka. China helped Sri Lanka in suppressing the independence movement going on in the Jaffna Peninsula by the Tamil Tigers, and the terrorist activates carried out by them against the Majority Sinhalese all over Sri Lanka. This was the most disturbing issue of Sri Lanka’s history which kept it from moving forward for decades. It is not only Pakistan that is entering into economic cooperation with China. There are more than 60 countries around the world spreading in the four continents of the world viz: Asia, Africa, Europe, and Latin America via BRI. As an emerging power, China has cultivated a cooperative relationship worldwide particularly with Central Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, and members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). During a visit to Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Cuba in November 2004, Chinese President Hu Jintao announced the U.S. $100 billion worth of investment over the next decade. Though China has long been a close ally of North Korea, it has developed a valuable trading relationship with South Korea as well. Chinese trade between African countries along with infrastructure development projects has surpassed $200 billion. The Sino-Arab Cooperation Forum had formally been established in January 2004. Its current trade volume with South Asian nations is over the U.S. $20 billion a year. India, though considered China’s adversary, is China’s principal trading partner. As regards Europe, China is now the EU’s second-biggest trading partner behind the United States.

                     China in May 2017 invited 28 heads of state to Beijing mainly from the developing world. They all reaffirmed their commitment to build an open economy and ensure free and inclusive trade, under the ambitious Belt and Road initiative led by Beijing agreeing upon to promote a rules-based, non-discriminatory trading system with the World Trade Organization at its core and to oppose protectionism. Many more countries the world over are willing to join the One belt One road initiative of China, testifying to China’s collaborative approach and not the confrontational or coercive one. Even the USA has the highest bilateral trade with China with no direct hot issue with China. 

    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan
    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan

                  The economic dividends of this project to China are apparent, but the building of the necessary substantial physical infrastructure appears to be an immediate remedy and impetus for the stagnated economy of Pakistan not to talk about the hidden job opportunities it could bring to the jobless youth of Pakistan. No doubt it is a win-win situation for the partners, and all those who want to benefit from this like Russia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan as passing through unstable Afghanistan is not being considered a better option by them at least for the time being. India, subject to the normalization of relations with Pakistan in the future could also benefit from this route via Wahga border.

                        Additionally, the security of the CPEC route and the areas through which it will pass is going to be shared by China as well, another benefit for Pakistan. This will also go a long way in stabilizing the region particularly Baluchistan which is going to benefit from the economic dividends of this trade route to the maximum. Chinese presence in the Gwadar port militarily will also add to the security of Pakistan particularly in the face of the unwarranted offensives launched (including engineering the terrorist attacks) by its both Eastern and Western neighbors against Pakistan which as a matter of fact has kept the foreign investment and tourism from Pakistan. 

                         India has helped Iran to develop its Chahbahar port (not far away from Gwadar), but that is not that much deep seaport as Gwadar. It is not feasible for China to use it as a substitute for Gwadar for the reason that there comes a politically unstable Afghanistan between China and Iran in addition to its extended length.

                  This all shows that the opportunity of CPEC granted to Pakistan was primarily on account of its geographical positioning. The historic friendly relations between the two countries also happened to be instrumental in cultivating the requisite trust to move forward on this great economic adventure.

    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan
    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan
    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners
    News Updates

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners

    January 10, 2021

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners
    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners

    Prime Minister Imran Khan reached Quetta on Saturday the place he met with the households of the slain coal miners – killed on Jan three in a brutal assault in Mach – and members of the Hazara group.

    In a video launched by his workplace, PM Imran might be seen interacting with the households, answering questions of the ladies from the group and displaying affection to kids.

    Don’t be concerned, we are going to take care of you,” he was heard telling one lady who advised him her household had misplaced all breadwinners and there was nobody to supply for her sisters and ailing dad and mom.

    One other lady might be heard telling the PM that he ought to have develop into a part of their grief which might have touched the hearts of tens of millions. “I despatched the chief minister, federal ministers simply to take care of you,” PM Imran mentioned in response.

    A lady then tells the premier that “this isn’t the primary time such an incident has occurred with the Hazara group“, and that many ministers had come and gone prior to now with hole reassurances however “you [PM Imran] have been our sole hope”.

    “For one complete 12 months, no matter we did was to guard you,” the prime minister mentioned in response, including that this time across the authorities had given in writing its guarantees to the Hazara group.

    “This time you will notice that it’s completely different,” PM Imran mentioned.

    A much bigger recreation

    Talking to the households after providing his condolences, the prime minister mentioned that he had visited the group prior to now and was properly conscious of the problems being confronted by them.

    I do know that individuals have been afraid of going to your imambargahs when the ‘struggle on terror’ was at its peak in Pakistan. I got here to satisfy you then as properly.”

    He mentioned that since March 2020, the intelligence businesses had knowledgeable the federal government that India needed to unfold anarchy within the nation by killing Shia and Sunni aalims.

    “I knowledgeable the federal cupboard and gave statements […] I laud the Inter-Providers Intelligence as a result of they managed to preempt three or 4 plots to kill Shia or Sunni ulema.

    “So I’ve little doubt in my thoughts that what occurred is a part of a much bigger recreation.”

    Particular power to guard Hazaras

    PM Imran mentioned that when the Mach incident first occurred, he despatched Inside Minister Sheikh Rashid to satisfy with the bereaved to guarantee them that the federal government will stand with them and can present help.

    On the similar time, I additionally needed to ship a message to the group that we’ll pursue these answerable for the incident,” he mentioned, including that he was in fixed contact with the intelligence businesses.

    He mentioned that there have been between 35 to 40 terrorists spreading chaos within the nation, who have been earlier related to Lashkar-i-Jhangvi and now with the militant Islamic State group.

    We have now an entire programme ready [in this regard] and a safety forces cell is being made which can have a look at offering you [Hazaras] with safety and pursuing these accountable [for the attack].”

    Commenting on his controversial remarks urging the group to keep away from “blackmailing” the prime minister, he mentioned: “It’s essential perceive that issues are completely different for a first-rate minister. Once I was a daily citizen I came over you. Nobody can assure that an incident does not occur within the nation.

    In order that‘s why I despatched messages to bury the deceased and mentioned that I’ll come to supply my condolences. However whenever you make it a situation, it’s going to set a precedent.

    “I need to make it clear although, that I used to be totally knowledgeable [of the situation] and was in contact with my federal ministers and safety businesses. I used to be following this and taking a look at all developments,” he mentioned, including that your entire nation was additionally witness to the ache and struggling of the group.

    He assured the Hazara group that the federal government and your entire nation stood with them. “That is what I got here right here to say. These are our children and our sisters.”

    He added that his mission was to not simply unite the folks of the nation but in addition these throughout the Muslim world. “I’ve tried very laborious to [play a role in mending ties] between Saudi Arabia and Iran so I guarantee you we’re going after these sowing strife and hate within the nation,” he mentioned.

    The PM’s go to got here hours after the miners have been laid to relaxation on the metropolis‘s Hazara City cemetery in what was the end result of a week-long protest throughout which the Hazara group and households of the labourers had refused to maneuver forward with the burials except visited by the PM himself.

    In line with Agha Raza, spokesman for the Shuhada Motion Committee representing the Hazara group, the prime minister reassured the group that there shall be swift implementation of the calls for that they had put forth.

    Raza mentioned every sufferer‘s household had been paid Rs2.5 million by the federal government as compensation, whereas the prime minister reiterated that the Hazara group won’t face comparable incidents sooner or later.

    Raza mentioned the PM’s suggestion that the Hazara group was “blackmailing” him was additionally introduced up within the assembly, saying that members “registered their protest” over the PM’s phrases however the PM “clarified” that his phrases have been directed in the direction of the PDM (opposition alliance).

    PM arrives in Quetta

    In line with Radio Pakistan, Balochistan Chief Minister Jam Kamal, provincial ministers and different excessive rating officers obtained the premier on the airport upon his arrival. Minister for Inside Sheikh Rashid Ahmed and Minister for Kashmir Affairs and Gilgit-Baltistan Ali Amin Gandapur accompanied the prime minister.

    Shortly after arriving, the premier met with the provincial chief minister and governor. Commander Southern Command Lt. Basic Sarfraz Ali was additionally current in the course of the assembly.

    He additionally chaired a gathering wherein the aftermath of the Mach incident and the province’s legislation and order scenario have been reviewed.

    In line with the Prime Minister’s Workplace, the Balochistan chief minister, governor, IG police, and chief secretary have been additionally current in the course of the assembly. Federal ministers Sheikh Rashid, Amin Gandapur and Ali Zaidi, together with PM’s aide Zulfiqar Bukhari, additionally attended the assembly.

    The Hazara protesters had agreed to bury the lifeless late on Friday evening after talks between the protesters and authorities succeeded in ending a sit-in that lasted for days in Quetta; the group had demanded that the premier go to the bereaved and order a judicial probe into the incident.

    After initially condemning the incident, the prime minister drew loads of criticism for delaying his go to to Quetta. PML-N’s Maryam Nawaz, who visited the Hazara protesters earlier this week, had mentioned that she felt sorry to see the indifference proven by the “individual sitting on the seat of energy and authority”.

    “The households of the victims are crying for an assurance from the federal government, however Imran Khan just isn’t coming right here due to his ego,” she had mentioned.

    Nonetheless, the prime minister on Friday urged the group to bury these killed within the assault, calling on them to chorus from “blackmailing the premier” — a press release that drew widespread criticism from all quarters.

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners

    Talking at a ceremony in Islamabad, he mentioned: “We have now accepted all of their calls for. [But] one in all their calls for is that the lifeless shall be buried when the premier visits. I’ve despatched them a message that when your whole calls for have been accepted […] you do not blackmail the prime minister of any nation like this.

    “This needs to be clear. Your entire calls for have been met however you’ll be able to‘t impose a situation which has [no logic]. So first, bury the lifeless. When you do it at present then I assure you that I’ll come to Quetta at present,” he had mentioned.