<span>Monthly Archives</span><h1>January 2021</h1>
    Past Papers, Sample Paper

    Important Physics MCQs sample for preparation of Lecturer test

    January 21, 2021

    Important Physics MCQs sample for preparation of Lecturer test

    Important Physics MCQs sample for preparation of Lecturer test
    Important Physics MCQs sample for preparation of Lecturer test

    1. What is the best conductor of electricity?– Saltwater

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    2. Which is used as a coolant in nuclear reactors?– Liquid sodium

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    3. Optic fibres are mainly used for which purpose?– Communication

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    4. Mesons are found in which rays?– Cosmic rays

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    5. Old-written material, which cannot be read easily, how can be read?– By infrared rays

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    6. In an atomic nucleus, by which forces are neutrons and protons held together?– Exchange forces

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    7. Which purified oil does Aviation fuel for jet aeroplanes consist?– Kerosene

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    8. Who received Nobel Prize twice for the same subject?– Marie Curie

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    9. What does Every object at a temperature above absolute zero?– Radiates energy

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    10. By whom was Electron first identified?– J. J. Thomson

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    11. In our houses we get 220 V A. C What does the value 220 represent?– Effective voltage

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    12. What does the rise of mercury in a barometer indicate?– Fairweather

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    13. What is the energy of the winds and the waves?– Kinetic

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    14. If the temperature of a semiconductor rises, what is its resistivity?– Decrease

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    15. How does Transfer of heat energy from the sun to the moon take place?– By radiation only

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    16. A fan produces a feeling of comfort during hot weather. Why?– Our perspiration evaporates rapidly

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    17. Why are Clear nights cooler than cloudy nights?– Because of radiation

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    18. In which transmission is sound and video signals transmitted simultaneously?– T.V. Transmission

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    19. Which is the most efficient engine?– Electric

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    20. Between which bodies is one Astronomical Unit the average distance?– Earth and the Sun

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    Important Physics MCQs sample for preparation of Lecturer test

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    21. To an astronaut, how does outer space appear?– Black

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    22. When iron rusts, how is its weight?– Increases

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    23. Which is the colour of the outer edge of the rainbow?– Red

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    24. Of which iron is Core of transformer made up?– Soft iron

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    25. Whose experiments proved that the speed of light was always the same?– Michelson and Morley

    26. Which is the unit of activity of a radioactive source?– Becquerel

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    27. In a sitar wire which type of vibration is produced?– Stationary transverse

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    28. Which common devices work on the basis of the principle of mutual induction?– Transformer

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    29. Through which material does sound travel slowest?– Wood

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    30. Which is printed on a commonly used fluorescent tube light?– 6500 k

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    31. How must be The lines of force of a uniform magnetic field?– Parallel to each other

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    32. Which would expand the most on being heated?– Air

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    33. What will be best colours for a Sun umbrella?– White on top and black on inside

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    34. What do we use in SONAR?– Ultrasonic waves

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    35. A body has a mass of 6 kg on the Earth; when measured on the Moon, what would be its mas?– 6 kg

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    36. At the time of short-circuit, what will be the current in the circuit?– Increases heavily

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    37. How can one distinguish a telescope from a microscope?– By observing the size of the lens

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    38. Which sound-produced by a bat?– Ultrasonic

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    39. How is the frequency of ultrasound wave typically?– Above 20,000 kHz

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    40. By which impact is Nuclear fission is caused ?– Neutron

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    41. The wavelength of X-rays is of the order of how many angstroms?– 1 Angstrom

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    42. Which of the following is used as ‘a moderator in a nuclear reactor?– Graphite

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    43. Which of the following is good nuclear fuel?– Plutonium-239

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    44. What is the wavelength of visible spectrum?– 3900-7600 A

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    45. In which technology do Cryogenic engines find applications?– Rocket technology

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    46. In a refrigerator, by which is cooling is produced?– By the evaporation of a volatile liquid

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    47. Which polymer is widely used for making bulletproof material?– Polyethylene

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    48. Who is the recipient of the Nobel Prize for the development of Wireless Telegraphy?– Marconi

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    49. Who laid the foundation of nuclear science in the country?– Homi J. Bhabha

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    50. What happens to the level of mercury in the barometer tube when it is taken down a coal mine?– It rises

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    51. A convex mirror makes a good rear-view mirror for a car. Why?– It forms erect, reduced images

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    52. ‘mho’ is the unit of which unit?– Specific resistance

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    53. What is the approximate velocity of light per second?– 3 × 108 m

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    54. If one wants to throw a cricket ball to the maximum distance, then at which angle should he throw it ?– 45°

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    55. How are Air-pockets that cause aircraft to lose altitude suddenly caused?– Temperature inversions

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    56. Which pairs of rays is electromagnetic in nature?– x-rays and gamma rays

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    57. Speed of sound is greater in solids than in liquids?– Because the solids have high elasticity

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    58. Why does a bubble of water shine?– Because of total internal reflection

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    59. With which instrument can a sailor in a submarine see the objects on the surface of sea?– Periscope

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    60. On which principle does Rocket work?– Conservation of momentum

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    61. The hydraulic brakes used in automobiles is a direct application of which law?– Pascal’s law

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    62. One horsepower is equal to how many watts?– 746 watts

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    63. What is the number of basic units in the International System of Units?– 7

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    64. If you swim one km, how many miles do you swim?– 0.62

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    65. The pH of water at 25°C is 7. When it is heated to 100°C, then what will be the pH of water?– Remains the same

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    66. How can the quantity of water vapour the atmosphere hold increases?– With the increase of temperature

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    67. When milk is churned, how does the cream separate from it?– Due to the centrifugal force

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    68. We cannot see during a fog. why?– Because of the scattering of light

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    69. In storms, the roofs of some houses are carried away. According to whom is this?– Bernoulli’s principle

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    70. Why is the phenomenon of mirage?– Due to total internal reflection

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    71. Which law is involved in the act of cleaning a carpet by beating it with a stick?– First law of motion

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    72. Which remains constant while throwing a ball upward?– Acceleration

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    73. DC current can be controlled by which component?– Resistance

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    74. Which radiation carries maximum energy?– Gamma-rays

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    75. Which is a good conductor of electricity?– Human body

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    76. On which conservation law, does a rocker work?– Angular momentum

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    77. What denotes the smallest temperature?– 1° on the Kelvin scale

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    78. What is the function of heavy water in a nuclear reactor?– Slow down the speed of neutrons

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    79. Which has the least penetrating power?– Alpha particles

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    80. Which rays are most penetrating?– y-rays

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    81. The mass-energy relation is the outcome of which theory?– Special theory of relativity

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    82. Recoil of a gun is an example of which thing?– Conservation of linear momentum

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    83. By whom was Neutron discovered?– Chadwick

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    84. Which are the best and the poorest conductors of heat respectively?– Silver (Ag), and lead (Pb)

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    85. When light passes from air into the glass it experiences a change in which things?– Wavelength and speed

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    86. The working of optical is based on which of electromagnetic waves?– Total internal reflection

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    87. Soap is used in washing. Why?– It lowers the surface tension of water

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    88. Sound travels faster in which thing?– Iron than in air

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    89. Why is the term ‘hydroponics’ used?– To describe the cultivation of plants in water

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    90. When the greatest pressure exerted on the ground by a man?– When he stands on the toes of one foot

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    91. ‘Hydraulic brakes’ and ‘Hydraulic lift’ are devices, why are fluids used in them?– For transmitting pressure

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    92. In an atomic explosion, enormous energy is released why?– Due to the conversion of mass into energy

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    93. Why is a moderator used in nuclear reactors?– In order to slow down the speed of neutrons

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    94. What will be the best colour(s) for a sun umbrella?– White on top and black on the inside

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    95. How should a man wearing spectacles work with a microscope?– He should keep on wearing spectacles

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    96. What does the emission of ß-particle?– Increases the atomic number by one

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    97. On which does Kinetic Energy depend?– Both mass and velocity of the moving body

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    98. Which are the discovery of Einstein?– Theory of relativity and the photoelectric effect

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    99. When does Superconductivity result?– When the matter is cooled to very low temperature

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    100. What does a permanent magnet repel?– Diamagnetic substances only

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    Everyday Science, Test Preparation

    First in the world EVERY DAY & GENERAL SCIENCE Important MCQs

    January 16, 2021

    First in the world EVERY DAY & GENERAL SCIENCE Important MCQs

    Here is the First in the world EVERY DAY & GENERAL SCIENCE Important MCQs.

    First in the world EVERY DAY & GENERAL SCIENCE Important MCQs

    • First acid to be discovered Acetic Acid
    • First Airplane Flight Wilber Wright and Orwell Wright (USA) on 17th Dec 1903
    • First airplane flight across the English Channel Louis Bleriot
    • First airplane flight over the North Pole 9th May 1926 (Floyd Bennett and Richard E. Byrd)
    • First Alloy Bronze First analog computer Lord Kelvin
      First Antibiotic Penicillin (1941) discovered by Alexander Fleming

    First in the world EVERY DAY & GENERAL SCIENCE Important MCQs

    • First Atom Bomb J. Robert Oppenheimer
    • First Atomic Bomb use on 6th August 1945 on Hiroshima (Japan)
    • First British woman physician Elizabeth Garrett Anderson
      First Chinese astronaut in space Col. Yang Liwei (15 Oct 2003)
    • First clone of human beings 27th Dec. 2002 First computer programmer Augusta Ada
    • First Digital computer 1946 First draft of DNA Francis Crick and James Watson (1953)
    • First draft of the human genome sequence February 2001
      First drawings of cells Robert Hooke (In his “Micrographic”)First environment pact 10th June 2002 in Kuala Lumpur (ASEAN countries signed it)

    First in the world

    • First flight around the world 16th April 1924
    • First Flight of Space Shuttle 4th December 1981 manned by John Young and Robert Crippen
    • First fruit tree Date-palm
    • First general-purpose orbiting observatory Hubble Space Telescope (Launched on April 24, 1990, named after US astronomer Edwin P. Hubble) First Heart Transplant *** Dr. Christian Neethling Barnard (South Africa) Dec. 3, 1967
    • First Hydrogen bomb test (USA) Nov 1952 at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific
    • First liver transplant recipient Lichirou Tsuruyama of Japan (July 1889)
    • First lunar probe Luna 1, (Launched by USSR on 2nd Jan 1959)
    • First man to walk in space Alexei Leonov (Russian Astronaut in 1965)
    • First man to walk on the moon Neil Alden Armstrong USA on 21st July 1969
    • First man-made object to leave the solar system Pioneer 10
    • First modern woman doctor Elizabeth Blackwell
    • First non-stop balloon journey around the world Brian Jones and Bertrand Piccard (1999)
    • First non-stop solo flight across Atlantic Ocean Charles Augustus Lindbergh (USA)
    • First Nuclear test Alamogordo desert (New Mexico in USA) (July 16, 1945 before dawn).
    • First person in space Yuri Gagarin (USSR) on 12th April 1961, when he orbited the Earth aboard the Vostok 1 spacecraft

    First in the world EVERY DAY & GENERAL SCIENCE Important MCQs

    • First person to fly in a balloon Dr. Pilatre de Rozier
    • first person to walk on the moon Neil Armstrong (USA) on 21st July 1969
    • First programmable digital computer Z3, 1941
    • First programmable electronic computer Colossus, 1943
      First programmer Ada Lovelace (1815 – 1852)
    • First Satellite in space Sputnik 1 (1st Oct 1957 by Russia) First sighting of Halley‟s Comet 240 BC by Chinese
    • First solid-state computer 1960 (USA)
    • First space shuttle flight Columbia (1981)
    • First spacecraft to orbit Saturn Cassini-Huygens July 1, 2004
    • First supersonic flight Captain Charles Elwood Yeager (14th Oct 1947)
    • First test-tube baby A girl Louise Brown (July 25, 1978)
      First talking film “Lights of New York” (1928)
    • First transcontinental flight 10th Dec 1911 (Flown by Calbraith P. Rodgers)

    General Knowledge MCQs

    • First unmanned landing on Mars 1971 by the USA
    • First US space station Skylab-I
    • First US spacecraft to reach moon Ranger 4
    • First US woman in space Sally K. Ride (Challenger on 4th April 1983)
    • First weather satellite in orbit 17th Feb 1959 (US Navy launched it)
    • First Woman in space Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (USSR) 16 – 19 June 1963
    • First woman physician of USA Elizabeth Blackwell
    • The first woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean by air Amelia Earhart
    • First woman to walk in spa
    Test Preparation

    Dogar unique ISSB up to date book free download in pdf

    January 11, 2021

    Dogar unique ISSB up to date book free download in pdf

    Here is Dogar unique ISSB up to date book free download in pdf ready for download.

    ISSB Free Preparation Guide Book is a comprehensive package to get candidates through ISSB Selection. It is not just a guide; it is your roadmap to the success in Defense Forces, leading you step by step to your success. ISSB Guide Book and Student Guide gives you ample information and practice in all the parts to be tested during the course including online test, Academic tests, Intelligence tests, Physical tests and finally the interview. The book has been developed in English as well as Urdu Languages. It is being circulated by well-known publisher Dogar Brothers for free from www.samplepaperpdf.com .

    ISSB Test Preparation Guide Book :

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    • ISSB Test Format/Sample
    • From Selection to Promotion step by step Procedures
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    • Self-Assessment Tests for success
    • Progressive Exercises for success
    • Physical Exercises with guide
    • Introduction to the Defence Forces (Pak Army, Air Force, Ranger, Navy etc)

    Contents at a Glance
    Contents Section

    1. Editor’s Corner
    2. Let’s Start
    3. Introduction to the Defence Forces (Pak Army, Air Force, Intelligence forces, Navy, Ranger)
    4. From Selection to Promotion (Complete details about ranks and time period)
    5. Selection Process (Test to ISSB)
    6. What is ISSB?
    7. ISSB Student Guide For Initial Tests
    8. Test Yourself by Self-Assessment Test

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    English

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS

    January 11, 2021

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS for the help of aspirants.

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS

     

    Structuring the Composition

    Compositions are structured much like individual paragraphs. There are clear introductory and concluding elements. However, compositions are a series of paragraphs that attempt to communicate the main idea that cannot be sufficiently developed in one paragraph.

    A Closer Look: The Introduction

    The introduction is a unique paragraph because it must prepare the reader for the text that will follow. It should accomplish each of the following:

     (1) Catch the interest of the audience

    (2) Clearly indicate the topic and purpose

     (3) Establish the tone of the composition

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS

    Constructing a Thesis Statement

    A thesis statement is the controlling idea of a composition. It states the main idea(s) of the writing while establishing the tone.

     IN A SINGLE SENTENCE, THE THESIS STATEMENT DECLARES THE MAIN SUBJECT AND A FEELING/ATTITUDE ABOUT THAT SUBJECT.

    Evaluating a Thesis Statement

    (1) Develop your thesis from the information gathered.

    (2) Include both a limited topic as your subject and the specific feeling you have about the topic as your main idea.

    (3) Be clear and specific.

    (4) Use parallel structures.

    (5) Keep your thesis in front of you as you write.

    Establishing Tone

    The attitude a writer takes toward his or her characters, subject, or readers is called tone. Just as a person speaks in a certain tone of voice, written text also conveys, or expresses, a tone. The tone of a text may be critical, detached, angry, or respectful – whatever fits its subject and message. The writer can establish a tone through the use of imagery and figurative language such as similes, metaphors, and personification. Word Choice, or diction, though, is the foundation of a writer’s tone. The writer’s use of language, as well as the connotative responses to that language, powerfully emphasizes the effect a writer has on his or her readers.

    Using Descriptive Language

    Language is power! Using specific language to describe your world or explain yourself makes it easier for your audience to grasp your vision. Whether you are speaking to someone or writing about some aspect of a topic, use precise nouns, action verbs, vivid modifiers (adjectives, adverbs, comparisons), and sensory words to capture your audience’s attention and to make your communication more lively.

    Integrating Direct Quotations Anytime you directly use another writer’s words to support your conclusion, you are citing evidence, or quoting a source. This use of text passages, lines, or words can be integrated into your essay in one of four ways.

    (1) Incorporated into the Sentence A creator always has an obligation to the thing he creates. This is clearly shown in the epigraph from Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein in which the monster seemingly cries out, “Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay to mold me Man? Did I solicit thee from darkness to promote me…?” (4). At his creation, the monster is a…. • Mark omission of the text by three periods (called an ellipsis) with a space between each (. . .).

    Integrating Direct Quotations – Poetry

    Unity and Coherence in the Composition

    Maintaining Coherence

    Maintaining Coherent

    Click on Link To Download PDF File

    How to write an essay, General Essay Writing Tips for CSS PMS

     

    1-    ISLAMIC STUDY MCQs

    2-    COMPUTER MCQs (IMPORTANT)

    3-    Most IMPORTANT General Knowledge Questions

    4-    Short History of PAKISTAN (Important)

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    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan
    English, Test Preparation

    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan

    January 10, 2021

    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan

    Outline:

    1.Introduction (highlighting the dynamics of economic cooperation)

    2.The geography of the economic corridor

    3.The underlying geopolitical and economic reasons for project

    4.The Chinese exportable surplus

    5.The reason for the investment appetite

    6.Utilization of the accumulated Foreign reserves

    7.Making use of the skilled human resource and technology

    8.Finding shortest routes both for exports and imports

    9.CPEC as part of BRI

    10. Collaborative adventures-win-win projects

    11.Overcoming the apprehensions

    12.The project as a geopolitical opportunity

    13.Conclusion

                                   To boost the economy of any country particularly of the developing world, the only role model which happened to be the success story is attracting foreign investment. Foreign investment not only becomes the immediate vital source of job creation but the cause of running of many other industries attached to the building of the physical infrastructure in the country. Since the governments are unable to create the desired number of jobs in the country, therefore investment whether local or foreign has been established as the primary source giving a kick-start of the economy of any state.

    As regards Pakistan there is no blinking the fact that it is confronted mainly with the following problems:

    1. Joblessness

    2. Terrorism from across the border

    3. Lack of both foreign and local investment

    4. Energy crisis

    5. Violence and crime in some parts of the country linked with poverty

    6. Security threats

                             Under the existing circumstances, there appears no other country that has shown any interest in investing in Pakistan. It was China that came out with a considerable investment round worth $ 46 billion though in the form of a loan relating to CPEC. It was in April 2015, China signed a package of deals worth $46 billion to develop China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) an economic corridor connecting China’s northwestern region of Xinjiang and Pakistan’s Gwadar Port on the Arabian Sea just 600 kilometers from the Strait of Hurmuz (The gateway to the Persian Gulf through which 40% of world oil passes). Its economic dividends to China are apparent, but the building of the necessary substantial physical infrastructure appears to be an immediate remedy and impetus for the stagnated economy of Pakistan by way of the creation of jobs to Pakistanis. It also inherits trading benefits to countries like Russia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. This port will allow Chinese oil tankers from the Persian Gulf to port and ship oil and gas to China’s Xinjiang-Shanghai oil pipeline directly. Also, Chinese products could also be shipped via land to Gwadar and then re-shipped to the Middle East and Africa once the road and rail links are completed. Chinese, Pakistani, and other international companies will be involved in communications infrastructure and power generation projects.                                               

                                     Overall CPEC is a $62 billion project mainly of energy collection and its transportation, partially in the form of a loan and somewhat investment will be invested to build the requisite physical infrastructure. China is developing its comparatively less developed Western region of Xinjiang adjacent to Pakistan and is also planning to manufacture the products to be exported to the Gulf and beyond in and around Gwadar.

                                  It is not difficult to understand why China is interested in advancing such a colossal loans to Pakistan whose economic condition is not that sound. The reality is that China is developing its comparatively less developed Western region of Xinjiang adjacent to Pakistan. It is also planning to manufacture the products in that region to be exported through Pakistan via Gwadar to the Gulf region, North Africa, and even Europe through the Suez Canal, and import oil from the Gulf and certain minerals from Africa through the same route. China also wants to establish exportable items manufacturing units in Gwadar and other parts of Pakistan to be exported to the nearby countries.

                     At the moment most of the Chinese trade is going on by using the Sea route that is through the SouthChina Sea, Strait of Malacca, and the Indian Ocean for the above destinations. This route is not feasible as it is too long and is also not considered safe from the strategic point of view. Big powers can easily block this Sea lane if any confrontation develops in the region in the future mainly due to the ongoing disputes regarding certain islands in the South China Sea like Senkaku, and coral reefs between China, and countries like Vietnam, Taiwan, and Japan, etc.

                       Under the circumstances, the CPEC is the most convenient/appropriate/ feasible/ shortest and secure trade route for China to all the above destinations.

                    The investment abroad in the form of BRI and CPEC, in a way, is also an answer to the Chinese existing slowed down GDP growth rate. Therefore, BRI and CPEC project prima facie are Chinese next phase of boosting its economy via internationalization and disposal of its exportable and human surplus. Since it is based on extending loans from its banking system instead of the IMFand World Bank, therefore it is a point of concern for its competitors like India and USA. There exist some political issues between them like Taiwan where American interests are involved, and territorial disputes with India on its Northwest and Northeastern borders shared with China. Concerns seem genuine as political associations and influences mostly follow such economic collaborations.

                      While looking deep into the reasons of China’s these large projects we see that the Economic recession of 2007-8 also had an adverse impact on China. As the purchasing power of the European nations and even Americans went down affecting Chinese exports. During the recession period and afterward, the Chinese GDP growth rate came down to around 7% from the previous 9%. This forced China to universalize its economy differently. It called the conference of 28 heads of states in May 2017 to initiate the project of One Belt One Road (OBOR) generally called Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The word ‘Road’ here refers to Sea lanes and ‘Belt”, roads and railways network on land. This involves a series of infrastructure development projects across Asia, Europe, and Africa to boost mutual trade. The required loans are to be released from the Chinese banking system. China’s BRI announced in 2013 is being implemented under China’s 13th Five-year plan (2016-20). It has two components one Silk Road Economic Belt originating from China’s Eastern coasts stretching towards Northwest China, and from there through CentralAsia into Europe, and the Maritime Silk Road from Eastern coasts to Southeast Asia through the South China Sea, Strait of Malacca to North Africa. The BRI and CPEC initiative aims at encouraging and utilizing Chinese firms enhanced capacity to invest internationally particularly in the emerging economies. This is to help China’s massive foreign exchange reserve to be used in FDI abroad. Additionally, it is to enable China to transfer its technology and development know-how to the less developed economies of Asia and Africa. The infrastructure development associated with BRI and CPEC will not only promote the economic development of the host countries but will help Chinese exportable surplus (products/services/skilled human workforce) to be adjusted world around. The BRI and CPEC are not only China dependent projects but are collaborative ones with the host countries as well as associating other TNCs from Europe and America though mainly contributed by Chinese companies.

                The CPEC is a mutually beneficial, joint responsibility, and a shared destiny. However, there is an apprehension in the developed world that in the long run, China’s these projects will open up new markets for Chinese companies in areas that are currently dominated by Western companies, ranging from engineering and telecoms to shipping and e-commerce. Therefore they sometimes show their reservations and resentments against it. In the case of Pakistan, India has also demonstrated such reservations. That reservation is both political and economic, and strategic as well. India believes that CPEC provides an opportunity for Pakistan to share its security with

                        China hence it will go a long way in relieving Pakistan of Indian regional hegemonic pressure. Additionally, India objects that the route is passing through the disputed territory of Kashmir. It is also pointed out by anti-CPEC countries particularly India that Pakistan may face Sri Lanka like situation. Because on account of the inability of Sri Lankan government to payback the loans to China for building its Seaport Sri Lanka had to hand over the port to China on the lease. As a matter of fact, all the loans taken have to be paid back. I believe even leasing out Seaport by Sri Lanka is not against its interests. As this deal has already brought so many dividends to Sri Lanka in many forms. During its building process, it created so many jobs in Sri Lanka. China helped Sri Lanka in suppressing the independence movement going on in the Jaffna Peninsula by the Tamil Tigers, and the terrorist activates carried out by them against the Majority Sinhalese all over Sri Lanka. This was the most disturbing issue of Sri Lanka’s history which kept it from moving forward for decades. It is not only Pakistan that is entering into economic cooperation with China. There are more than 60 countries around the world spreading in the four continents of the world viz: Asia, Africa, Europe, and Latin America via BRI. As an emerging power, China has cultivated a cooperative relationship worldwide particularly with Central Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, and members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). During a visit to Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Cuba in November 2004, Chinese President Hu Jintao announced the U.S. $100 billion worth of investment over the next decade. Though China has long been a close ally of North Korea, it has developed a valuable trading relationship with South Korea as well. Chinese trade between African countries along with infrastructure development projects has surpassed $200 billion. The Sino-Arab Cooperation Forum had formally been established in January 2004. Its current trade volume with South Asian nations is over the U.S. $20 billion a year. India, though considered China’s adversary, is China’s principal trading partner. As regards Europe, China is now the EU’s second-biggest trading partner behind the United States.

                     China in May 2017 invited 28 heads of state to Beijing mainly from the developing world. They all reaffirmed their commitment to build an open economy and ensure free and inclusive trade, under the ambitious Belt and Road initiative led by Beijing agreeing upon to promote a rules-based, non-discriminatory trading system with the World Trade Organization at its core and to oppose protectionism. Many more countries the world over are willing to join the One belt One road initiative of China, testifying to China’s collaborative approach and not the confrontational or coercive one. Even the USA has the highest bilateral trade with China with no direct hot issue with China. 

    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan
    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan

                  The economic dividends of this project to China are apparent, but the building of the necessary substantial physical infrastructure appears to be an immediate remedy and impetus for the stagnated economy of Pakistan not to talk about the hidden job opportunities it could bring to the jobless youth of Pakistan. No doubt it is a win-win situation for the partners, and all those who want to benefit from this like Russia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan as passing through unstable Afghanistan is not being considered a better option by them at least for the time being. India, subject to the normalization of relations with Pakistan in the future could also benefit from this route via Wahga border.

                        Additionally, the security of the CPEC route and the areas through which it will pass is going to be shared by China as well, another benefit for Pakistan. This will also go a long way in stabilizing the region particularly Baluchistan which is going to benefit from the economic dividends of this trade route to the maximum. Chinese presence in the Gwadar port militarily will also add to the security of Pakistan particularly in the face of the unwarranted offensives launched (including engineering the terrorist attacks) by its both Eastern and Western neighbors against Pakistan which as a matter of fact has kept the foreign investment and tourism from Pakistan. 

                         India has helped Iran to develop its Chahbahar port (not far away from Gwadar), but that is not that much deep seaport as Gwadar. It is not feasible for China to use it as a substitute for Gwadar for the reason that there comes a politically unstable Afghanistan between China and Iran in addition to its extended length.

                  This all shows that the opportunity of CPEC granted to Pakistan was primarily on account of its geographical positioning. The historic friendly relations between the two countries also happened to be instrumental in cultivating the requisite trust to move forward on this great economic adventure.

    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan
    Essay on CPEC as a Geopolitical opportunity of Pakistan
    CTI Internship jobs 2021 in Punjab Colleges for Males Females
    Test Preparation

    CTI Internship jobs 2021 in Punjab Colleges for Males Females

    January 10, 2021

    CTI Internship jobs 2021 in Punjab Colleges for Males Females

    In Punjab Colleges new CTI Internees jobs 2021 are available  in all the province.

    CTI Internship jobs 2021 in Punjab Colleges for Males Females

    Summary of CTI Selection…..!

    1. Date of Application Submission.: 14-01-2021 to 15-01-2021
    2. Tentative Merit list date. 17-01-2021
    3. Objections Removal date. 18-01-2021 to 19-01-2021
    4. Final Merit List. 20-01-2021
    5. Interview date. 21-01-2021 to 23-01-2021
    6. List of Successful Candidates 25-01-2021
    7. Final Merit list. 01-02-2021
    8. Orders date. 02-02-2021
    9. Qualification:   BS (Hons) / MA

    10. Aggregate formula for Degree Colleges:-

     Matric ———15
    FA/Fsc ———15
    BA/Bsc ———15
    MA/ Msc ——-40
    Ph. D ———–05
    M.phill ———03
    In the case of BS (Hons)
    BS(Hons) ——-55
    FA/Fsc. ———15
    Matric. ———–15
    Ph. D. ————05
    M.phill. ———-03
    Interview ——–05

    11. Aggregate Formula For BS colleges…

    Ph.D. ————-25
    M. Phill ———–20
    BS (Hons) / BA or BSc+MA or Msc.——- 25
    Inter. ——————10
    Matric —————–10
    13. Interview Marks———– 05
    14. Position Holder marks
    1st position in concerned Board/ University ———05
    2nd position in concerned Board/ University ——-03
    3rd position in concerned Board / University ——-02
    15. No Age Limit
    16.  Salary   45000/-
    17. Candidates are eligible to apply in all colleges of Punjab. 

    List of District wise Seats 

    VEHARI DISTRICT Bahawalpur_Colleges Sahiwal_division_Colleges
    Multan_division_Colleges-1 Rawalpindi_division_Colleges DGKhan_College-1
    DGKhan_College Female- Demand of CTIs of Faisalabad Division Gujranwala_Division-1
    Lahore_Division_Colleges Sargodha_division_Colleges Bahawalpur_Colleges-1
    Bahawalpur_Colleges

    All the seats will be filled on merit. if you have any doubt about merit, register you complaint to DC of the district within time. Authorities will be responsible to show complete details and merit lists. Merit will be calculated through above given formulas. 

    candidate can apply all over the Punjab on available seats. Stipend will be paid on monthly basis through Bank Account. Don’t wait and apply today. 

    1-    ISLAMIC STUDY MCQs

    2-    COMPUTER MCQs (IMPORTANT)

    3-    Most IMPORTANT General Knowledge Questions

    4-    Short History of PAKISTAN (Important)

    5-    PAST Papers

    6-    Click for Videos: Youtube

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners
    News Updates

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners

    January 10, 2021

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners
    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners

    Prime Minister Imran Khan reached Quetta on Saturday the place he met with the households of the slain coal miners – killed on Jan three in a brutal assault in Mach – and members of the Hazara group.

    In a video launched by his workplace, PM Imran might be seen interacting with the households, answering questions of the ladies from the group and displaying affection to kids.

    Don’t be concerned, we are going to take care of you,” he was heard telling one lady who advised him her household had misplaced all breadwinners and there was nobody to supply for her sisters and ailing dad and mom.

    One other lady might be heard telling the PM that he ought to have develop into a part of their grief which might have touched the hearts of tens of millions. “I despatched the chief minister, federal ministers simply to take care of you,” PM Imran mentioned in response.

    A lady then tells the premier that “this isn’t the primary time such an incident has occurred with the Hazara group“, and that many ministers had come and gone prior to now with hole reassurances however “you [PM Imran] have been our sole hope”.

    “For one complete 12 months, no matter we did was to guard you,” the prime minister mentioned in response, including that this time across the authorities had given in writing its guarantees to the Hazara group.

    “This time you will notice that it’s completely different,” PM Imran mentioned.

    A much bigger recreation

    Talking to the households after providing his condolences, the prime minister mentioned that he had visited the group prior to now and was properly conscious of the problems being confronted by them.

    I do know that individuals have been afraid of going to your imambargahs when the ‘struggle on terror’ was at its peak in Pakistan. I got here to satisfy you then as properly.”

    He mentioned that since March 2020, the intelligence businesses had knowledgeable the federal government that India needed to unfold anarchy within the nation by killing Shia and Sunni aalims.

    “I knowledgeable the federal cupboard and gave statements […] I laud the Inter-Providers Intelligence as a result of they managed to preempt three or 4 plots to kill Shia or Sunni ulema.

    “So I’ve little doubt in my thoughts that what occurred is a part of a much bigger recreation.”

    Particular power to guard Hazaras

    PM Imran mentioned that when the Mach incident first occurred, he despatched Inside Minister Sheikh Rashid to satisfy with the bereaved to guarantee them that the federal government will stand with them and can present help.

    On the similar time, I additionally needed to ship a message to the group that we’ll pursue these answerable for the incident,” he mentioned, including that he was in fixed contact with the intelligence businesses.

    He mentioned that there have been between 35 to 40 terrorists spreading chaos within the nation, who have been earlier related to Lashkar-i-Jhangvi and now with the militant Islamic State group.

    We have now an entire programme ready [in this regard] and a safety forces cell is being made which can have a look at offering you [Hazaras] with safety and pursuing these accountable [for the attack].”

    Commenting on his controversial remarks urging the group to keep away from “blackmailing” the prime minister, he mentioned: “It’s essential perceive that issues are completely different for a first-rate minister. Once I was a daily citizen I came over you. Nobody can assure that an incident does not occur within the nation.

    In order that‘s why I despatched messages to bury the deceased and mentioned that I’ll come to supply my condolences. However whenever you make it a situation, it’s going to set a precedent.

    “I need to make it clear although, that I used to be totally knowledgeable [of the situation] and was in contact with my federal ministers and safety businesses. I used to be following this and taking a look at all developments,” he mentioned, including that your entire nation was additionally witness to the ache and struggling of the group.

    He assured the Hazara group that the federal government and your entire nation stood with them. “That is what I got here right here to say. These are our children and our sisters.”

    He added that his mission was to not simply unite the folks of the nation but in addition these throughout the Muslim world. “I’ve tried very laborious to [play a role in mending ties] between Saudi Arabia and Iran so I guarantee you we’re going after these sowing strife and hate within the nation,” he mentioned.

    The PM’s go to got here hours after the miners have been laid to relaxation on the metropolis‘s Hazara City cemetery in what was the end result of a week-long protest throughout which the Hazara group and households of the labourers had refused to maneuver forward with the burials except visited by the PM himself.

    In line with Agha Raza, spokesman for the Shuhada Motion Committee representing the Hazara group, the prime minister reassured the group that there shall be swift implementation of the calls for that they had put forth.

    Raza mentioned every sufferer‘s household had been paid Rs2.5 million by the federal government as compensation, whereas the prime minister reiterated that the Hazara group won’t face comparable incidents sooner or later.

    Raza mentioned the PM’s suggestion that the Hazara group was “blackmailing” him was additionally introduced up within the assembly, saying that members “registered their protest” over the PM’s phrases however the PM “clarified” that his phrases have been directed in the direction of the PDM (opposition alliance).

    PM arrives in Quetta

    In line with Radio Pakistan, Balochistan Chief Minister Jam Kamal, provincial ministers and different excessive rating officers obtained the premier on the airport upon his arrival. Minister for Inside Sheikh Rashid Ahmed and Minister for Kashmir Affairs and Gilgit-Baltistan Ali Amin Gandapur accompanied the prime minister.

    Shortly after arriving, the premier met with the provincial chief minister and governor. Commander Southern Command Lt. Basic Sarfraz Ali was additionally current in the course of the assembly.

    He additionally chaired a gathering wherein the aftermath of the Mach incident and the province’s legislation and order scenario have been reviewed.

    In line with the Prime Minister’s Workplace, the Balochistan chief minister, governor, IG police, and chief secretary have been additionally current in the course of the assembly. Federal ministers Sheikh Rashid, Amin Gandapur and Ali Zaidi, together with PM’s aide Zulfiqar Bukhari, additionally attended the assembly.

    The Hazara protesters had agreed to bury the lifeless late on Friday evening after talks between the protesters and authorities succeeded in ending a sit-in that lasted for days in Quetta; the group had demanded that the premier go to the bereaved and order a judicial probe into the incident.

    After initially condemning the incident, the prime minister drew loads of criticism for delaying his go to to Quetta. PML-N’s Maryam Nawaz, who visited the Hazara protesters earlier this week, had mentioned that she felt sorry to see the indifference proven by the “individual sitting on the seat of energy and authority”.

    “The households of the victims are crying for an assurance from the federal government, however Imran Khan just isn’t coming right here due to his ego,” she had mentioned.

    Nonetheless, the prime minister on Friday urged the group to bury these killed within the assault, calling on them to chorus from “blackmailing the premier” — a press release that drew widespread criticism from all quarters.

    PM Imran visits Quetta, meets families of slain Hazara miners

    Talking at a ceremony in Islamabad, he mentioned: “We have now accepted all of their calls for. [But] one in all their calls for is that the lifeless shall be buried when the premier visits. I’ve despatched them a message that when your whole calls for have been accepted […] you do not blackmail the prime minister of any nation like this.

    “This needs to be clear. Your entire calls for have been met however you’ll be able to‘t impose a situation which has [no logic]. So first, bury the lifeless. When you do it at present then I assure you that I’ll come to Quetta at present,” he had mentioned.

    News Updates

    Slain miners laid to rest in Quetta’s Hazara Town

    January 9, 2021

    Slain miners laid to rest in Quetta’s Hazara Town

    Slain miners laid to rest in Quetta’s Hazara Town

    Ten coal miners from the Hazara group, who have been brutally killed in an assault on January 3, have been laid to relaxation at Quetta’s Hazara City cemetery on Saturday.

    The prayers have been led by Allama Raja Nasir Abbas in Quetta’s Hazara City with shut to five,000 individuals attending together with the kinfolk and associates of the deceased, locals and residents of the world.

    Federal Maritime Minister Ali Zaidi, Particular Assistant to the PM Zulfi Bukhari, Nationwide Meeting Deputy Speaker Qasim Suri, Provincial House Minister Mir Zia Langove and different provincial ministers and civil society leaders have been additionally current on the event.

    A prayer service was additionally held in imambargah Wali Asr after the burials on the Hazara City Cemetery.

    The protestors, who had earlier refused to bury the deceased until Prime Minister Imran Khan visited them and addressed their considerations, persevering with to remain on the street alongside the lifeless our bodies of their family members for six days, finally agreed to bury the deceased after negotiations with a authorities group succeeded within the early hours of Saturday morning.

    Balochistan CM Jam Kamal and Suri had introduced yesterday that the premier will attain Quetta after the miners’ burials.

    Mach tragedy

    Eleven miners have been brutally massacred on Sunday, Jan 3, when armed assailants entered their residential compound within the Mach coalfield space of Balochistan the place they have been sleeping, blindfolded and trussed them up earlier than executing them. The militant Islamic State (IS) group, additionally recognized by the Arabic acronym Daesh, claimed accountability for the assault.

    Kin and residents began their protest on the identical day, arranging the coffins on the Western Bypass on the outskirts of Quetta and refusing to bury them in a symbolic gesture till the prime minister’s go to and assurance of safety.

    The protests later unfold to different components of the nation, together with Peshawar, Lahore and Karachi, the place demonstrators blocked a number of necessary roads, disrupting visitors.

    Quickly after talks succeeded between the protesters and authorities, an announcement was made to finish the protest in Quetta, whereas comparable messages have been performed at gatherings in different cities as nicely.

    PPSC NTS FPSC Computer Operator DEO Jobs solved Sample paper
    Computer, Test Preparation

    PPSC NTS FPSC Computer Operator DEO Jobs solved Sample paper

    January 9, 2021

    PPSC NTS FPSC Computer Operator DEO Jobs solved Sample paper

    PPSC NTS FPSC Computer Operator DEO Jobs solved Sample paper is available for the guidance of students.

    PPSC NTS FPSC Computer Operator DEO Jobs solved Sample paper
    PPSC NTS FPSC Computer Operator DEO Jobs solved Sample paper
    1..    C’ in CPU denotes­­­­__________?

              a) Central                             b) Common

    c) Convenient                          d) Computer

    e) None of these

    1. Which of the following uses a handheld operating system?

    a) Supercomputer                   b) personal computer

    c) Laptop                                  d) PDA                      

    e) None of these

    3. To display the contents of a folder in Windows Explorer you should_________?

    a) click on it                                   b) collapse it                               c) name it

    d) give it a password                      e) None of the

    4. The CPU comprises of Control, Memory and ____________ units.

    a) Microprocessor                          b) Arithmetic/Logic                     c) Output

    d) ROM                                            e) None of these

    5. ___________is the most important/powerful computer in a typical network

    a) Desktop                                      b) Network client                               c) Network server

    d) Network station                       e) None of the

    6. A(n)____________ appearing on a web page opens another document when clicked.

    a) anchor                                       b) URL                                                 c) hyperlink

    d) reference                                  e) None of the

    7. Which of the following refers to the rectangular area for displaying information and running programs?

    a) Desktop                                   b) Dialog box                                        c) Menu

    d) Window                               e) None of these
    8. ___________is a windows utility program that locates and eliminates unnecessary fragments and rearranges filed and unused disk space to optimize operations.

    a) Backup                                    b) Disk cleanup                                   c) Disk defragmenter

    d) Restore                                   e) None of these

    9. Which of the following refers to too much electricity and may cause a voltage surge?

    a) Anomaly                                 b) Shock                                            c) Spike

    d) Virus                                       e) None of these

    10. The software that is used to create text-based documents are referred to as ___________?

    a) DBMS                                    b) Suites                                            c) Spreadsheets

    d) Word processors           e) None of these

    11. ____________ devices convert human-understandable data and programs into a form that the computer can process.

    a) Printing                                     b) Output                                   c) Solid-state

    d) Input                                      e) None of these

    12. Allows users to upload files to an online site so they can be viewed and edited from another location?

    a) General purpose applications      b) Microsoft Outlook                c) Web-hosted technology

    d) Office live                                        e) None of these

    13. What feature adjusts the top and bottom margins so that the text is centered vertically on the printed page?

    a) Vertical justifying                 b) Vertical adjusting                                c) Dual centering

    d) Horizontal centering           e) None of these

    14. Which of these is not a means of personal communication on the internet?

    a) Chat                                      b) Instant messaging                           c) Instanotes

    d) Electronic mail                   e) None of these

    15. What is the overall term for creating editing, formatting, storing, retrieving, and printing a text document?

    a)Word processing            b)Spreadsheetdesign               c)Web design

    d) Database management        e) None of these

    16. Fourth generation mobile technology provides enhanced capabilities allowing the transfer of both______ data, including full-motion video, high-speed internet access, and video conferencing.

    a) video data and information        b) voice and non-voice             c) music and video

    d) video and audio                          e) None of these

    17.______________ is a form of denial of service attack in which a hostile client repeatedly sends SYN packets to every port on the server using fake IP addresses.

    a) Cybergaming crime           b) Memory shaving                        c) Syn flooding

    d) Software piracy                 e) None of these

    18. Which of these is a point and draw device?

    a) Mouse                     b) Scanner                        c) Printer

    d) CD-ROM                         e) None of these

    19. A set of rules for telling the computer what operations to perform is called a

    a) procedural language          b) structures                        c) natural language

    d) programming language                   e) None of these

    20. A detailed written description of the programming cycle and the program, along with the test results and a printout of the program is called

    a) documentation                    b) output                 c) reporting

    d) spec sheets                                e) None of these

    21. Forms that are used to organize business data into rows and columns are called

    a) transaction sheets                     b) registers                 c) business forms

    d) spread sheets                               e) None of these

    22. In power point, the header and footer button can be found on the insert tab in what group?

    a) Illustrations group                                   b) Object group                     c) Text group

    d) Tables group                                           e) None of these

    23. A(n)__________ is a set of programs designed to manage the resources of a computer, including starting the computer, managing programs, managing memory and coordinating tasks between input and output devices.

    a) application suite                            b) compiler                           c) input/output system

    d) operating system                                        e) None of these

    24. A typical slide in a slide presentation would not include

    a) photo images charts, and graphs                            b) graphs and clip art            c) clip art and audio clips

    d) full motion video                                               e) None of these

    25. The PC productivity tool that manipulates data organized in rows and column is called

    a) spreadsheet                                     b) word processing document        c) presentation mechanism

    d) database record manager                         e) None of these

    26. In the absence of parentheses, the order of operation is

    a) exponentiation, addition of subtraction, multiplication of division

    b) addition or subtraction, multiplication or division, exponentiation

    c) multiplication or division, exponentiation, addition or subtraction

    d) exponentiation, multiplication or division, addition of subtraction

    e) None of these

    27. To find the Paste Special option, you use the clipboard group on the________________ tab of powerpoint

    a) Design                              b) Slide show                                           c) Page layout
    d)Home                                        e) None of these

    28. A(n) ____________program is one that is ready to run and does not need to be altered in any way.

    a) Interpreter                  b) High level                            c) Compiler
    d)Executable                          e) None of these

    29. Usually downloaded into folders that hold temporary internet files, _________are written to your computer’s hard disk by some of the websites you visit.

    a) anonymous files                                  b) behavior files                        c) banner ads
    d) cookies                                   e) None of these

    30. What is the easiest way to change the phrase, revenues, profits, gross margin, to read revenues, profits, and gross margin?

    a) Use the insert mode, position the cursor before the g in the gross, then type the word and followed by a space
    b) Use the insert mode, position the cursor after the g in gross, then type the word and followed by a space
    c) Use the overtype mode, position the cursor before the g in gross, then type the word and followed by a space
    d) None of these

    31. A program either talk or music, that is made available in digital format for automatic download over the internet is called

    a) Wiki                       b) Broadcast                                   c)Vodcast
    d)Blog                            e) Noneofthese

    32. Which powerpoint view displays each slide of the presentation as a thumbnail and is useful for rearranging slides?

    a)Slide sorter                       b) Slide show                              c) Slide master
    d) Notespage                      e) None of these

    33. Different components on the motherboard of a PC unit are linked together by sets of parallel electrical conducting lines. What are these lines called?

    a) Conductors                      b)Buses                             c) Connectors
    d) Consecutives                    e) None of these

    34. What is the name given to those applications that combine text, sound, graphics, motion video, and/or animation?

    a)Motionware              b) Anigraphics                      c)Videoscapes
    d)Multimedia                    e) None of these

    35. A USB communication device that supports data encryption for secure wireless communication for notebook users is called

    a) USB wireless network adapter               b) wireless switch

    c) wireless hub                            d) router                     e) None of these

    36. A(n) __________language reflects the way people think mathematically.

    a) cross-platform programming                  b) 3GL business programming              c) event driven programming
    d) functional                                                 e) None of these

    37. When entering text within a document, the Enter key is normally pressed at the end of every

    a) Line                           b) Sentence                   c) Paragraph
    d) Word                         e) None of these

    38. When a real time telephone call between people is made over the Internet using computers, it is called

    a) a chat session                                        b) an e-mail                 c) an instant message
    d) internet telephony                        e) None of these

    39. Which of the following is the first step in sizing a window?

    a) Point to the title bar                 b) Pull down the view menu to display the toolbar
    c) Point to any corner or border               d) Pull down the view menu and change to large icons
    e) None of these

    40. Which of the following software could assist someone who cannot use their hands for computer input?

    a) Video conferencing            b) Speech recognition                            c) Audio digitizer
    d) Synthesizer                            e) None of these

    41. ___________a document means the file is transferred from another computer to your computer

    a) Uploading                       b) Really Simple Syndication                               c) Accessing
    d) Downloading                 e) None of these

    42. Which computer memory is used for storing programs and data currently being processed by the CPU?

    a) Mass memory                 b) Internal memory               c) Non-volatile memory                        d) PROM
    e) None of these

    43. Computers that control processes accept data in a continuous

    a) data traffic pattern                           b) data highway                            c) infinite loop
    d) feedback loop                                    e) None of these

    44. What refers to a set of characters of a particular design?

    a) Key face                                    b) Formation                                       c) Calligraph
    d) Stencil                                       e) None of these

    45.__________ is used by public and private enterprises to publish and share financial information with each other and industry analysis across all computer platforms and the Internet.

    a) Extensible Markup Language                           b) Extensible Business Reporting Language
    c) Enterprise Application Integration                  d) Sales Force Automation Software
    e) None of these

    46. Which part of the computer is used for calculating and comparing?

    a) ALU                                b) Control unit                                         c) Disk unit
    d) Modem                               e) None of these

    47. The method of Internet access that requires a phone line, but offers faster access speeds than dial- up is the ________________ connection.

    a) cable access                     b) satellite access                          c) fiber-optic service
    d) modem                               e) None of these

    48. _______________ software creates a mirror image of the entire hard disk, including the operating system, applications, files and data.

    a) Operating system                                        b) Backup software                                        c) Utility programs
    d) Driver imaging                                        e) None of these

    49. What is a URL?

    a) A computer software program                b) A type of programming object
    c) The address of a document or page on the World Wide Web
    d) An acronym for Unlimited resources for Learning
    e) None of these

    50. What is the significance of a faded (dimmed) command in a pull-down menu?

    a) The command is not currently accessible
    b) A dialog box appears if the command is selected
    c) A help window appears if the command is selected
    d) There are no equivalent keystrokes for the particular command
    e) None of these

    PPSC NTS FPSC Computer Operator DEO Jobs solved Sample paper

    51. Your business has contracted with another company to have them host and run an application for your company over the Internet. The company providing this service to your business is called an
    a) Internet service provider                               b) Internet access provider
    c) Application service provider                       d) Outsource agency                         e) None of these

    52. A(n)_________ allows you to access your e-mail from anywhere.

    a) forum                                           b) webmail interface                            c) message board
    d)weblog                                        e) None of these

    53. Which of the following would you find on Linkedin?

    a) Games                                b) Connections                            c) Chat
    d) Applications                             e) None of these

    54. ________is a technique that is used to send more than one call over a single line.

    a) Digital transmission                                        b) Infrared transmission                        c) Digitizing
    d) Multiplexing                                e) None of these

    55. The search companion can

    a) locate all files containing a specified phrase
    b) restrict its search to a specified set of folders
    c) locate all files containing a specified phrase and restrict its search to a specified set of folders
    d) cannot locate all files containing a specified phrase or restrict its search to a specified set of folders
    e) None of these

    56. Which of the following cannot be part of an e-mail address?

    a) Period                            b) At sign                                  c) Space
    d) Underscore                             e) None of these

    57. Which of the following must be contained in a URL?

    a) A protocol identifier                           b) The letters www.            c) The unique registered domain name
    d) www.and the unique registered domain name                      e) None of these

    58. Which of the following information systems focuses on making manufacturing processes more efficient and of higher quality?

    a) Computer aided manufacturing

    b) Computer integrated manufacturing
    c) Computer aided software engineering
    d) Computer aided system engineering
    e) None of these

    59. A mistake in an algorithm that causes incorrect results is called a

    a) logical error                       b) syntax error                           c) procedural error
    d) compiler error                        e) None of these

    60. A device for changing the connection on a connector to a different configuration is

    a) a converter                            b) a competent                       c) an attachment
    d) an adapter                            e) None of these
    61. To navigate to a new web page for which you know the URL, type that URL in the browser’s … and press Enter a) Address bar                            b) Domain bar               c) Address button
    d) Name button                             e) None of these

    62. The CPU also called the … when talking about PCs, does the vast majority of the processing for a computer.

    a) Macroprocessor                       b) RAM                                c) Memory system
    d) microprocessors                      e) None of these

    63. A computer’s type, processor and operating system define its …

    a) Brand                           b) Size                              c) Platform
    d)Speed                                  e) None of these

    64. A kiosk

    a) is data organised and presented in a manner that has additional value beyond t he value of the data itself
    b) combines microscopic electronic components on a single integrated circuit that processes bits according to software instructions
    c) is a computer station that provides the public with specific and useful information andservice
    d) describes a computer’s type, processor, and operating system
    e) None of these

    65. The part of the CPU that accesses and decodes programme instructions, and coordinates the flow of data among various system components is the.

    66. Computer programs are written in a high level programming language, however, the human readable version of a program is called

    a) cache                        b) instruction set                       c) source code
    d) word size                         e) None of these

    67. What is the difference between a CD-ROM and a CD-RW?

    a) They are the same just two different terms used by different manufacturers
    b) A CD-ROM can be written to and a CD-RW cannot
    c) A CD-RW can be written to, but a CD-ROM can only be read from
    d) A CD-ROM holds more information than a CD-RW
    e) None of these

    68. What is the term for how words will appear on a page?

    a) Text formatting                   b) Character formatting                 c) Point size
    d) Typeface                               e) None of these

    69. The process of a computer receiving information form a server on the Internet is known as

    a) Pulling                                b) Pushing                       c) Downloading
    d)Transfering                        e) None of these

    70. When sending an e-mail, the … line describe the contents of the message

    a) Subject                                       b) To                             c) Contents
    d) CC                               e) None of these

    71. All the deleted files go to

    a) Recycle bin                   b) Task bar                            c) Tool bar
    d) Mycomputer                      e) None of these

    72. You organise files by storing them in

    a) Archives                       b) Folders                        c) Indexes
    d) Lists                               e) None of these
    73. A website address is a unique name that identifies a specific on the web
    a) Web browser                              b) Website                          c) PDA
    d) Link                         e) None of these

    74. are specially designed computer chips that reside inside o ther devices, such as your car or your electronic thermostat

    a) Servers                          b) Embedded computers

    c) Robotic computers              d) Mainframes

    75. Which of the following places the common data elements in order from smallest to largest?

    a) Character, file, record, field, database
    b) Character, record, field, file, database
    c) Character, field, record, file, database
    d) Bit, byte, character, record, field, file, database
    e) None of these

    76. Which of the following statements is false concerning file names?

    a) Files may share the same name or the same extension but not both
    b) Every file in the same folder must have a unique name
    c) File extension is another name for file type
    d) None of these

    77. A disk’s content that is recorded at the time of manufacture and that cannot be changed or erased by the user is

    a) Memoryonly                            b) Write only                        c)Read only
    d) Run only                          e) None of these

    78. Distributed processing involves

    a) solving computer component problems from a different computer
    b) solving computing problems by breaking them into smaller parts that are separatelyprocessed by different computers
    c) allowing users to share files on a network
    d) allowing users to access network resources away from the office
    e) None of these

    79. The operating system determines the manner in which all of the following occurs except

    a) user creation of a document
    b) user interaction with the processor
    c) printer output                            d) data displayed on the monitor
    e) None of these

    80. Office LANs that are spread geographically apart on a large scale can be connected using a corporate

    a) CAN               b) LAN                                   c)DAN                                  d) WAN
    e) None of these

    81. You can keep your personal files/folders in

    a) My folder                             b) My documents                         c) My files
    d) My text                           e) None of these

    82. The primary purpose of software is to turn data into

    a) Websites                      b) Information                        c) Programs
    d) Objects                        e) None of these

    83. A directory within a directory is called

    a) Mini Directory                 b) Junior Directory                      c) Part Directory
    d) Sub Directory                        e) None of these

    84. A compiler translates a program written in a high-level language into

    a) Machine language                        b) An algorithm                           c) A debugged program
    d) Java                               e) None of these

    85. When your turn on the computer, the boot routine will perform this test

    a) RAM test                        b) disk drive test                       c) memory test
    d) power on self test                  e) None of these

    86. A is a unique name that you give to a file of information

    a) Device letter                                   b) Folders                             c) File name
    d)File name extension               e) None of these

    87. Hardware includes

    a) all devices used to input data into a computer
    b) sets of instructions that a computer runs or executes
    c) the computer and all the devices connected to it that are used to input and output data
    d) all devices involved in processing information including the central processing unit, memory and storage
    e) None of these

    88. A contains specific rules and words t hat express the logical steps of an algorithm

    a) Programming language                            b) Syntax error                         c) Programming structure
    d) Logic chart                             e) None of these

    89. The simultaneous processing of two or more programs by multiple processors is

    a) multiprogramming               b) multitasking                        c) time-sharing
    d) multiprocessing                     e) None of these

    90. The secret code that restricts entry to some programs;

    a)Binary           b) Octal                 c) Decimal
    d) Hexadecimal            e) None of these

    92. The main function of the ALU is to

    a) perform arithmetic and logical operations
    b) store data and information for future use
    c) control computer output, such as printing
    d) monitor all computer activities
    e) None of these

    93. is the process of carrying commands.

    a) Fetching                       b) Storing                           c) Executing
    d) Decoding                           e) None of these

    94. Softcopy is the intangible output, so then what is hardcopy?

    a) The physical parts of the computer
    b) The printed parts of the computer
    c) The printed output
    d) The physical output devices
    e) None of these

    95. A(n)____________ is a program that makes the computer easier to use

    a) utility                           b) application                                c) operating system
    d) network                         e) None of these

    96. A complete electronic circuit with transistors and other electronic components on a small silicon chip is called a(n)

    a) workstation                                     b) CPU                               c) magnetic disk
    d) integrated circuit                    e) None of these

    97. Computer systems are comprised of

    a) hardware, programs, processors, procedures and people
    b) hardware, programs, information, people and procedures
    c) hardware, programs, information, people and networks
    d) hardware, software, procedures, networks and people
    e) None of these

    98. An error in a computer program

    a) Crash                    b) Power Failure                            c) Bug
    d)Virus                e) None of these

    99. What is output?

    a) What the processor takes from the user
    b) What the user gives to the processor
    c) What the processor gets from the user
    d) What the processor gives to the user
    e) None of these

    100. The person who writes and tests computer programs is called a

    a) programmer                    b) computer scientist                               c) software engineer
    d) project developer               e) None of these